JOSHUA BEN HYRCANUS

JOSHUA BEN HYRCANUS (beginning of the second century C.E.), tanna. He is only once mentioned in the Mishnah (Sot. 5:5) expounding that Job served the Lord from love (not from fear). For this aggadic teaching he is praised by joshua b. hananiah , who calls him the pupil of the pupil of johanan b. zakkai , referring most probably to akiva (see rashi , Sot. 27b; but see maimonides , in his Mishnah commentary). Since this saying starts with the formula, "On that day," which often refers to the day on which eleazar b. azariah was installed as a member of the Sanhedrin (Epstein, Tannaim, 424), it is assumed that Joshua was a member of the Sanhedrin in jabneh at that period. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Hyman, Toledot, 623.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Joshua ben Hananiah — (Hebrew: יהושע בן חנניה d.131CE) was a leading tanna of the first half century following the destruction of the Temple. He was of Levitical descent (Ma as. Sh. v. 9), and served in the sanctuary as a member of the class of singers (Arakhin 11b).… …   Wikipedia

  • JOSHUA BEN HANANIAH — (first and second centuries C.E.), tanna, one of the five disciples of johanan b. zakkai s inner circle (Avot 2:8), and the primary teacher of akiva . Joshua (together with eliezer ben hyrcanus ) served as the bridge between the earlier (pre… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Joshua ben Perachyah — Joshua ben Perachya ( he. יהושע בן פרחיה) was Nasi of the Sanhedrin in the latter half of the second century BCE. He and his colleague Nittai of Arbela were the second of the five pairs (Zugot) of scholars who received and transmitted Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • Joshua ben-Hananiah — (1–2nd century AD)    Tanna. Joshua, a pupil of JOCHANAN BEN ZAKKAI, was a member of the Sanhedrin at the time of the destruction of the Temple. During the siege of Jerusalem, Joshua and ELIEZER BEN HYRCANUS carried Jochanan ben Zakkai out of the …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • ELIEZER BEN HYRCANUS — (end of the first and beginning of the second century C.E.), tanna. He is sometimes called Eliezer the Great (Sot. 9:15; Tosef., Or., end) and is the Eliezer mentioned without patronymic. R. Eliezer was one of the pillars of the early talmudic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eliezer ben Hurcanus — Eliezer ben HurcanusFact|date=June 2007 ( he. אליעזר בן הורקנוס) was one of the most prominent tannaim of the 1st and 2nd centuries, disciple of R. Johanan ben Zakkai ( Avoth ii. 8; Avot of Rabbi Natan vi. 3, xiv. 5) and colleague of Gamaliel II …   Wikipedia

  • JOHANAN BEN ZAKKAI — (first century C.E.), tanna, considered in talmudic tradition the leading sage at the end of the Second Temple period and the years immediately following the destruction of the Temple. Johanan b. Zakkai s personality and work are depicted in a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elieser ben Hyrkanos — gen. der Große, in der Mischna schlicht Rabbi Elieser genannt (mehr als 320mal), war ein bedeutender jüdischer Gelehrter des Altertums, Schüler des Jochanan ben Sakkai, und gehörte zu den Tannaiten der 2. Generation (90 130 n. Chr.) Er wurde zwar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eliezer ben Hyrkanos — Elieser ben Hyrkanos gen. der Große, in der Mischna schlicht R. Elieser genannt (mehr als 320mal), war ein bedeutender jüdischer Gelehrter des Altertums, Schüler des Jochanan ben Sakkai, und gehörte zu den Tannaiten der 2. Generation (90 130). Er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Simeon ben Shetach — or Shimon ben Shetach (c. 120 40 BCE) was a Pharisee scholar and Nasi of the Sanhedrin during the reigns of Alexander Jannæus (c. 103 76 BCE) and his successor, Queen Alexandra Salome (c. 76 67 BCE), who was Simeon s sister. [ Berakhot , 48a.] He …   Wikipedia

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